Mental Health Issues and their Causes

Mental health problems are a serious concern and one should be aware of the possible causes. There is no particular reason for mental illness, but it is a combination of several reasons which include biological, psychological, and environmental factors. Such issues m

ay exist in families, but it does not mean that the child inherits it from the parents.

To look for professional help for mental health problems is commendable as most individuals are either not aware of their condition or not comfortable talking about it.

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Some mental health issues are triggered due to psychological trauma during the early years of childhood or teenager and leave a lasting traumatic impression on the brain like:

  • Physical, emotional, or sexual abuse
  • Loss of a parent during childhood
  • Being neglected

There could also be stress-related factors that might affect the brain neurotransmitters used for thoughts, mood, and behaviour and can lead to mental disorders.

Such factors could be:

  • Divorce
  • Relationship issues
  • Losing a job
  • Addiction

Let’s check the possible factors that can be responsible for mental health issues.

Biological factors

Brain injury has been linked to some mental conditions which may be caused due to abnormal functioning of brain circuits. Proper psychiatric treatment and psychotherapy can allow the brain circuits to function more effectively.

The other biological factors are:


Mental illness can be inherited but the person may not develop the condition. Other factors like stress, trauma, or abuse may trigger or aggravate mental illness in the inherited person.

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Infections causing brain damage

Some bacterial infections are said to cause obsessive-compulsive disorder and other mental health problems in children.

Brain damage during pregnancy

Disruptions in the brain of the foetus during the early stages of pregnancy or trauma during delivery like lack of oxygen in the brain can be the reason for mental illness.


Addiction for a long time linked to anxiety, depression, and feeling paranoid is linked to mental health disorders.

Psychological factors

Several psychological reasons can cause mental health problems:

  • Going through trauma like physical, emotional, or sexual abuse during childhood
  • Death of a parent
  • Not able to talk to others

Environmental factors

People more susceptible to mental illness can easily get triggered by certain stress factors like:

  • Relationship issues, divorce, or death
  • Unhappy family life
  • Losing or changing jobs
  • Financial issues.
  • Inadequate feelings, low self-esteem
  • Anxiety or feeling lonely
  • Temperamental issues

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Mental health issues are very personal and one may not be comfortable in speaking about them. This is why it becomes difficult to understand the exact cause.

However, this condition is no less serious than any other illness even though you may not exactly know why someone is experiencing this condition.

Hence, the idea of having a distinct physical reason for weird thoughts, changes in behaviour, and feelings makes it easy to openly discuss your experiences and ask for professional help. The causes need to be identified and properly treated for the person to recover from this serious condition.